Discover The Geopark
Belmore Forest and Pollnagollum Cave
Belmore Forest lies above the village of Boho in western Fermanagh and covers much of Belmore Mountain. Belmore Mountain with a summit roughly 398 metres, is the second highest point in Fermanagh and provides breathtaking views of Boho, Lower Lough Erne, Lough Navar and to the east, Brougher Mountain with its distinctive television masts on top.
The forest is at the heart of Fermanagh`s Boho cave country and beneath your feet lies an extensive maze of caves which attract cavers and potholers from far and wide. Belmore Forest offers something for everyone: breath-taking views, local wildlife, deep forest and cave systems; amongst them Pollnagollum cave, which has recently been used in filming for the popular television series, Game of Thrones. A viewing platform at Pollnagollum Cave provides a great vantage point to see the impressive cave entrance which is fed by a beautifully cascading waterfall toppling down a 12 metre limestone cliff to disappear into the depths of darkness. The first exploration of this cave was undertaken by two cavers known as Édouard-Alfred Martel and naturalist Lyster Jameson in 1895 (the same gentlemen who explored the nearby Marble Arch Caves) and during Victorian times the cave was opened as a show cave. Depending on the time of day and year keep a watchful eye out for bats and birds around the cave entrance.
The geology of Belmore Forest is dominated by limestone, which is found as horizontal layers (beds) that formed at the bottom of a shallow tropical sea over 340 million years ago, during the Carboniferous period.
One of the most intriguing mammals found in the Belmore uplands is the Irish hare. Unique to Ireland, the Irish hare is arguably our oldest surviving mammal having been present on the island since before the last Ice Age. Larger than rabbits, adult hares have black tips on their ears and long back legs giving them a distinctive walk or ‘lope’ and help make them Ireland’s fastest land mammal.